Adam & Eve Sin in the Garden


Bible Passage: Genesis 3

The fall of humanity into sin begins with a meal. God had commanded the man and woman to eat from all the trees of the garden except for one–the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil. Then Satan came in disguise as a serpent, and he deceived the woman. Eve took the fruit of the tree, ate, and gave to her husband with her. Through that one meal in the garden, all of humanity came under the judgment of death. 

1 John 3:8 tells us that Jesus came into the world to destroy the works of the devil. While Satan tempted Eve with a meal that brought death, Jesus came to offer us a very different sort of meal, a meal that promises everlasting life! At the Last Supper, he offered the bread, which represented his body, and the wine, which represented his blood, to his people. But the significance of the Last Supper goes far beyond that! Learn how Jesus took the very words that are used to describe our fall in the garden and turned them into the words of our salvation at the Last Supper! 

Lesson Commentary


Listen to Dr. Warren Gage & Dr. Robey Barnes discuss the story of Adam and Eve’s sin in the garden and how it teaches the gospel by pointing us to the suffering and glory of Jesus!

The Gospel Connections


In Luke 24, Jesus taught his disciples that every story in the Bible points directly to him! He explained that we simply need to look for the gospel pattern of “suffering followed by glory.” That is, we need to look for something that points to his suffering on the cross, followed by something that points to the glory of his resurrection! Use the gospel chart below to help you find “the story within the story!”

The Fall of Humanity

The Restoration of Humanity

1. God forbade the man and the woman from eating from the Tree of Knowledge (Gen 2:16-17).

1. Jesus freely offers to give us to eat of the Tree of Life (Rev 2:7).

2. In disobedience, the woman took of its fruit and ate. Then she gave to the man who was with her, and he ate (Gen 3:6).

2. After fulfilling all righteousness, at the Last Supper, Jesus broke the bread that represented his own flesh and said, “Take and eat!”(Matt 26:26). Then he “gave” the cup to those who were with him (Matt 26:27).

3. Their eyes were opened, and they knew their shame. They attempted to cover their shame with fig leaves (Gen 3:7).

3. After Jesus’ resurrection, when the Emmaus disciples saw Jesus break the bread (Luke 24:35), their eyes were opened, and they knew him, who was the covering for their shame (Luke 24:31, Rom 3:24-25).

4. God cast them out of the garden, forbidding them to eat of the Tree of Life (Gen 3:22-24).

4. Jesus says that all who come to him will find the Tree of Life (Rev 2:7), and those who come to him he will in no wise cast out (John 6:37).


Gospel Study Notes

Humanity fell into disobedience and death by the sacramental eating of the forbidden fruit of the Tree of Knowledge. So it is altogether fitting that when Jesus came to restore us, he would take the verbs of our fall (take, eat, and give) and make them the sacramental verbs of our redemption. Just as Adam’s sin unleashed a dynamic of the cursing and death into the world, so Jesus’ obedience unleashed a counter-dynamic of blessing and life. This dynamic is the power of the gospel! It is the word of truth that shows us the way from darkness to light, from judgment to mercy, from bondage to liberty, from sickness to health, from banishment to homecoming, from famine to feasting, and from death to life!

Gospel Applications

    1. There is wonderful beauty in our redemption! We are given a symphony of salvation, a fugue of redemption with point and counterpoint leading to a harmonious resolution. Satan came in disguise as a serpent in order to deceive our first mother into disobedience (1 Tim 2:14). So then the Son of God came in disguise as the serpent (John 3:14) in order to deceive Satan into crucifying him (1 Cor 2:8) and so destroy the works of the Devil (1 John 3:8).
    2. Jesus came forth from death in the resurrection, opening the impassable barrier between death and life. God tore the temple veil at his death, opening the impassable barrier between God and man.  Jesus then tore down the middle wall of partition, opening the impassible barrier between man and woman. He broke down the dividing wall of the hostility of the law, opening the impassible barrier of Jew and Gentile and making one new humanity! Jesus thus envisioned a new creation.
    3. Jesus’ death removed the sin of the people in one day (Zech 3:9). His resurrection reversed the judgment of death itself (1 Cor 15:56). He restored the fellowship of God and man in the pleasant garden (John 20:15). He gave the Spirit, which came down in tongues to reverse the judgment of Babel (Acts 2:5-11). His evangelists called home all those nations scattered because of sin (Matt 28:19-20). His apostles shared the gospel with a eunuch from Ethiopia (Acts 8), a Jew from Tarsus (Acts 9), and a centurion from Rome (Acts 10)—representatives from Ham, Shem, and Japheth, respectively, that is, from each of the three sons of Noah, calling home all the scattered human family. After the resurrection, all the curses and judgments of Genesis went into reverse. Jesus made life purposive again, delivering us from vanity, and assuring us that all our work for Christ is not in vain (1Cor 15:58)!
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Dr. Warren A. Gage © 2022

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